Dusk and dawn planets, a lunar eclipse and the Coma star cluster

What’s new in May? The dusk and dawn planets, a lunar eclipse and the Coma star cluster.

Sky chart showing Mercury low in the western sky on May 2, accompanied by the crescent moon and the bright star Aldebaran. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

May begins and ends with some excellent planetary viewing opportunities. On May 2, look west about 45 minutes after sunset to find Mercury about 10 degrees from the horizon, accompanied by a thin crescent moon. Just south of the Moon is the bright red giant star Aldebaran, which should have about the same luminosity as Mercury. (And by the way, this is the only chance to spot a planet with the naked eye in the early evening until August.)

Jupiter and Mars will appear extremely close

Sky map showing how Jupiter and Mars will appear extremely close in the morning sky on May 28-30. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Then the last week of May you can watch every morning like[{” attribute=””>Jupiter and Eclipse Visibility Map May 2022 Total Lunar Eclipse

Eclipse visibility map for the May 15-16, 2022 total lunar eclipse. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The visible part of the eclipse begins about 10:30 p.m. U.S. Eastern time on May 15th, with totality starting an hour later and lasting for about an hour and a half. Those in the Eastern U.S. will see the eclipse start with the Moon well above the horizon. For the Central U.S., the eclipse starts about an hour and a half after dark, with the Moon relatively low in the sky. On the West coast of the U.S., the Moon rises with totality beginning or already underway, so you’ll want to find a clear view toward the southeast if viewing from there.

Now, lunar eclipses are the ones that are safe to look at directly with your eyes, binoculars, or a telescope (unlike solar eclipses).

The Moon takes on a dim, reddish hue during the period of totality. Even though the Moon is fully immersed in Earth’s shadow at that time, red wavelengths of sunlight filter through Earth’s atmosphere and fall onto the Moon’s surface. One way to think of this is that a total lunar eclipse shows us a projection of all the sunrises and sunsets happening on the planet at that moment.

So check your local details for this eclipse, and find lots more eclipse info from Coma Star Cluster in May

Sky chart showing where to find the Coma star cluster in May. The cluster is about 6° wide, and is located about 15° east of the hindquarters of Leo, the lion constellation, which is found high overhead in the south. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

The Coma star cluster is located about 300 light-years away, making it the second-closest open cluster to Earth after the Hyades cluster in Taurus.

To find the Coma star cluster, look southward for the constellation Leo. It can be easiest to start from the Big Dipper, toward the north, and use the two “pointer stars” on the end which always point you toward Leo. Once you’ve identified Leo, the Coma star cluster is about 15 degrees to the east of the triangle of stars representing the lion’s hindquarters. It’s relatively easy to find with binoculars, even under light-polluted urban skies – as long as it’s clear out.

So here’s wishing you clear skies for finding the Coma star cluster and any other wonders you discover in the night sky in May.

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