Seven healthy lifestyle habits can reduce the risk of dementia for people with diabetes

Summary: Getting the recommended amount of sleep, exercising daily, eating a healthy diet and resisting alcohol and tobacco are among seven identified lifestyle changes that people with diabetes should make to reduce their risk of developing dementia.

Source: AT

A combination of seven healthy lifestyle habits that include sleeping seven to nine hours a night, exercising regularly and having frequent social contact was associated with a lower risk of dementia in people with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in neurology.

“Type 2 diabetes is a global epidemic affecting one in 10 adults, and having diabetes is known to increase a person’s risk of developing dementia,” said study author Yingli Lu, MD, PhD, from Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in China. .

“We investigated whether a broad combination of healthy lifestyle habits could offset this risk of dementia and found that people with diabetes who incorporated seven healthy lifestyle habits into their lives had a lower risk of dementia than people with diabetes that did not lead a healthy life.”

For the study, researchers looked at a UK healthcare database and identified 167,946 people aged 60 and over with and without diabetes who did not have dementia at the start of the study. Participants completed health questionnaires, provided physical measurements, and gave blood samples.

For each participant, the researchers calculated a healthy lifestyle score from zero to seven, with one point for each of the seven healthy habits.

Habits include not smoking, moderate alcohol consumption of up to one drink per day for women and up to two per day for men, regular physical activity of at least 2.5 hours of moderate exercise or 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise and seven to nine. hours of daily sleep.

Another factor was a healthy diet that includes more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish and less refined grains, processed and unprocessed meats.

The final habits were being less sedentary, which was defined as watching television less than four hours a day, and frequent social contact, which was defined as living with others, meeting with friends or family at least once a month and participate in social activities at least once a week or more often.

The researchers followed the participants for an average of 12 years. During this time, 4,351 people developed dementia. A total of 4% of people only followed zero to two of the healthy habits, 11% followed three, 22% all four, 30% all five, 24% all six and 9% all set

People with diabetes who followed two or fewer of the seven healthy habits were four times more likely to develop dementia than people without diabetes who followed all seven healthy habits. People with diabetes who followed all the habits were 74% more likely to develop dementia than people without diabetes who followed all the habits.

For people with diabetes who followed all habits, there were 21 cases of dementia over 7,474 person-years or 0.28%. Person-years represent both the number of people in the study and the amount of time each person spends in the study.

For people with diabetes who only followed two or fewer habits, there were 72 cases of dementia over 10,380 person-years or 0.69%. After adjusting for factors such as age, education and ethnicity, people who followed all the habits had a 54% lower risk of dementia than those who followed two or fewer.

See also

This shows a brain
People with diabetes who followed two or fewer of the seven healthy habits were four times more likely to develop dementia than people without diabetes who followed all seven healthy habits. The image is in the public domain

Each additional healthy habit people followed was associated with an 11% lower risk of dementia. The association between the Healthy Lifestyle Score and risk of dementia was not affected by the medications people were taking or how they controlled their blood sugar.

“Our research shows that for people with type 2 diabetes, the risk of dementia can be greatly reduced by a healthier lifestyle,” Lu said.

“Physicians and other medical professionals who treat people with diabetes should consider recommending lifestyle changes to their patients. These changes can not only improve overall health, but can also help prevent or delay the onset of dementia in people with diabetes”.

A limitation of the study was that people reported on their lifestyle habits and might not remember all the details accurately. Lifestyle changes over time were also not captured.

financing: The study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the People’s Hospital of Shanghai Ninth People’s School of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and other funders.

About this diabetes and dementia research news

Author: Natalie Conrad
Source: AT
Contact: Natalie Conrad – ON
Image: The image is in the public domain

Original research: Findings will appear in neurology

Leave a Reply